What Is Data Security Software?

Data security software safeguards digital data from unauthorized access, theft, or manipulation. It includes multiple tools and technologies such as encryption, monitoring and logging as well as data protection. It also includes policies and read article download-freeware-pc procedures as well as tools to deal with data breaches.

Cybercriminals are a single threat vector affecting security of data, however human error is the most frequent cause of breaches. This is why tools for data security have features that can identify potential mistakes, such as placing sensitive files on shared drives or opening wrong email attachments.

Another important aspect of data security is restricting physical access to servers, storage devices and other equipment. Physical security measures can be as simple as requiring employees to log in when entering a company building however, they must include labeling and securing equipment so that only authorized employees can access it. This is particularly important for cloud-based data centers, where you might not be able to control the physical space.

Data security solutions are able to protect data at rest and during transit by encrypting the information so that only those with the right keys can access it. This is often a supplement tool to firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention systems (IDS/IPS) and network-based authentication systems.

A security feature for data that is often overlooked is user behavior analytics. This sets baselines for normal activity and can detect anomalies which could indicate unauthorized access. This is commonly found in solutions that monitor data warehouses, relational databases and big data solutions.