Bee Variety Variety
Away from 2009 to 2018, 192 bee assortment (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) had been caught up within the Calanques Federal Playground https://hookupwebsites.org/fetlife-review/ through each other online and you’ll dish pitfall collection. It belonged so you can half a dozen family members and you will 38 genera. Megachilidae are some of the really classes-steeped relatives, followed closely by Apidae and you will Halictidae, with 53, forty two, and you can 43 groups, respectively. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is simply the newest richest genus, having 33 diversity, if you’re seven genera had been illustrated about one types (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Desk step 1 [on the internet only] ). With the jackknife step one and you can 2 spiders, the latest bee types richness is simply estimated to be anywhere between ± nine.89 and you may ± . This new viewed fullness for this reason represented 71.step three to help you 79.6% of your own projected bee richness ( Table dos). The fresh new Chao1 means estimated the brand new seen richness to get 76.8% of one’s possible restriction richness ( Desk 2). The absolute most numerous species is basically Apis mellifera L. (276 people), having Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and 168 anyone, respectively), and you will Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 anyone). Eventually, 50 kinds (26%) have been portrayed from the just one personal (singletons).
Environment Attributes from Bees
About your environment features of nesting means, we knew 59 unmarried bee varieties nesting significantly more than floor, 92 solitary bee assortment nesting below ground and you will 23 cleptoparasitic range, just like 30.seven, 47.nine, and you can several.0% of complete bee diversity fullness, correspondingly. We notion of four personal variety (bumble bees and you may honey bees-2.1%). Ultimately, the brand new nesting tastes regarding 14 assortment will always be not familiar (seven.3%- Supp Dining table the first step [on line simply] ). Regarding your floral eating plan away from bee classes, we discovered that 105 items (54.7%) foraged to the of many plant kinds (i.years., generalist range, polylectic) and you will 51 types (twenty six.5%) foraged on a single bush nearest and dearest otherwise you to/couple plant varieties (i.age., elite varieties, oligolectic). For the leftover thirty six bee diversity (18.8%), the newest flowery eating plan wasn’t recognized (e.g., that have cleptoparasitic species). maybe not, extremely generalist species displayed an inclination for just one otherwise a variety off plant group ( Supp Dining table step 1 [online only] ). Into the 49 singletons, 14 bee groups (28%) had been pros, and you can nine bee types (18%) was indeed cleptoparasitic ( Supp Dining table 1 [on the web just] ).
A keen IUCN status are readily available getting 178 variety (excluding the fresh new kinds buildings and you may unfamiliar sizes). By far the most, 47 products are classified while the investigation without having (DD-twenty six.4%), 124 kinds was indeed a minimum alarmed (LC-69.6%), six varieties is near endangered (NT-step 3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and something species is assumed endangered (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Desk step one [on line simply] ). Three oligolectic groups was basically among the eight endangered bee items. A. ovatula and you may C. albomaculatus is professional into Fabaceae, D. argentata is simply a professional to your Caprifoliaceae.
Of 2009 so you’re able to 2018, 38 kind of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) were caught inside Calanques Federal Playground. It belonged so you can twenty-four genera ( Supp Table 2 [on the internet simply] ). The most numerous genera was Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 people), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (fourteen some one), and you can Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de- Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville inside Latreille, 1828 (13 anybody), while 20 versions (53%) was indeed represented regarding the one personal ( Supp Dining table dos [on line merely] ). The fresh new bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) have been represented of the 20 kinds, plus five singletons (25%) ( Supp Table step three [online only] ). The quote from full diversity richness out-away from hover flies and you can bee flies are anywhere between 83 and 97 categories utilising the jackknife step one and you will 2 indexes, correspondingly. Therefore, the fresh new seen fullness portrayed 59.8–69.9% of estimated hover fly and you can bee fly richness ( Table dos).